Oncology:

Cancer comes second to cardiovascular diseases with regard to leading causes of death in the developed world. Despite advances in screening, education and early diagnosis, the global cancer burden continues to rise. This trend is set to continue due to an increasing shift towards an aging population with a high cancer risk. With about 2.6 million new cases diagnosed in Europe and the United States each year, cancer remains an area of high unmet medical need.
Cancer Treatment depends completely on the nature of the tumor identified what kind of therapeutical intervention will be necessary. Certain disorders will require immediate admission and chemotherapy (such as ALL or AML), while others will be followed up with regular physical examination and blood tests.
Often, surgery is attempted to remove a tumor entirely. This is only feasible when there is some degree of certainty that the tumor can in fact be removed. Occasionally surgery can improve survival even if not all tumour tissue has been removed.
Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are used as a first-line radical therapy in a number of malignancies. They are also used for adjuvant therapy, i.e. when the macroscopic tumor has already been completely removed surgically but there is a reasonable statistical risk that it will recur. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are commonly used for palliation, in this situation the aim is to improve the quality of and prolong life.
There is currently a rapid expansion in the use of monoclonal antibody treatments, vaccine and other immunotherapies are the subject of intensive research.

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